The Russian manufacturing enterprise PZGO LLC offers to individually design, manufacture, deliver and put into operation modern and inexpensive gas cleaning equipment for the oil and gas industry.
The oil-and-gas sector is one of the largest branches of modern industry, which deals not only with the extraction of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons, but also with their refining and transportation. The importance of hydrocarbon processing is difficult to overestimate, because the outputs of work of this industrial field are both truck tires and children's toys.
Of course, the end user usually does not realize how complex the complete cycle of turning oil or gas into ready-to-use products is.
As the raw material moves towards the final market, it undergoes many chemical transformations, and, depending on the characteristics of the processing technology, it can take on aggregative states of a liquid, gas, and their intermediates – vapors, fumes, aerosols, colloidal sols.
An important feature of oil and gas raw materials and other hydrocarbon minerals is their dangerous potential, which is fully revealed during the thermal and chemical treatment of substances.
This obliges oil and gas enterprises to install gas cleaning devices at almost every stage of oil and gas processing and transportation.
Gas cleaning and gas treatment systems can be divided into 2 large groups.
Equipment for wet gas treatment includes wet scrubbers with a fixed or fluidized bed, as well as packed absorbers and bubblers.
Moisture scrubbers are usually considered as devices capable of effectively purifying gas or air streams that are largely contaminated by mechanical inclusions. These mechanical impurities can be ash, soot, aerosols and other gas-mechanical suspensions with a dispersion of 0.5 microns.
Horizontally-oriented packed-type scrubber for complex capture of chemically active dust / aerosol / gases (produced at PZGO LLC)
Moreover, the loading of the chemically active absorbent into the spray section is capable of imparting the properties of chemical equipment to scrubbers.
As a packing (or bed), hollow thin-walled polypropylene balls (in fluidized bed models) or bodies of special geometric shape can be used, providing a high specific surface within a modest volume.
The physical principle of capturing unwanted compounds, in basic terms, is the same for scrubbers and industrial absorbers. The main functor for capturing dust-gas inclusions is a layer of liquid (process water or reagent), the surface of which plays the role of an interphase boundary, where harmful substances / oils / ends are actively deposited.
Hollow PP balls are "boiling" inside the reagent (this demo stand is created in our engineering department to vividly depict the sorption principle of FBS)
In fixed-bed (packed) apparatuses, the agent is sprayed (and the active micro-film is formed) by means of atomizers located above the packing, while in fluidized bed scrubbers the liquid reagent completely envelops the bodies, causing them to "boil" (imagine, how balls behave in a bingo machine).
Packed absorbers, mostly related to the chemical type of gas cleaning equipment, in general, repeat the basic principles of scrubbers, but, as a rule, are filled with fixed bodies of high specific surface.
Packed bed (in this particular case consisting of stainless steel Pall rings) can be irrigated with process water or chemical solution (depending on the pollutant to capture or neutralize)
Also, like other wet-type apparatuses, they are capable of processing high-temperature flows, which is an important factor in the distillation of oil and the production of gasolines, fuel oils, and tars. The virtually unlimited amount of reagents available allows these devices to perform a wide range of production tasks.
Separately, mention should be made of bubbling or foam absorbers. They do not contain packing bodies, and the interfacial layer is the surface of unstable foam (water or chemical agent) that is formed on the supportive perforated plates.
Since the foaming is caused directly by the inward polluted gas stream, orifice absorbers are often called self-sustaining or self-induced.
Another large group of gas cleaning devices is adsorbers / desorbers.
Despite the fact that they are often called dry adsorption columns, they do not always have a vertical orientation. But, in all cases, the main element that captures undesirable compounds is the adsorbent - activated carbon, silica gel, ceramic, aluminum-containing material or highly porous polymer.
As the name implies, dry adsorbers are not used to handle high humidity gas streams. In case of high humidity of the air flow, an additional desiccant is required upstream of the adsorber.
Adsorption tower: depending on the adsorbent used, the filter can neutralize SO2, H2S, ketones, acidic and alkaline fumes, benzene and other pollutants connected to oil-and-gas industry
In contrast to wet-type apparatuses, industrial adsorbers are true regeneration systems, which allow not only to capture gases efficiently, but also, next, to extract them from the adsorbent through a desorption mechanism.
To discuss the conditions and prices for individual design and manufacture of gas cleaning / treatment systems, please contact us via email or fill out the Customer’s questionnaire.
We are ready to quickly deliver single devices and multistage systems to any region in Europe and Asia and, if necessary, to carry out local commissioning of equipment. All devices and plants comply with international standards and are supplied with a package of technical and accounting documentation.
PZGO LLC – breathe with ease!